Learning Disorders / Academic Underachievement
Learning disorders affect the ability to understand or use spoken or written language, do mathematical calculations, coordinate movements, or direct attention. Although learning disabilities occur in very young children, the disorders are usually not recognized until the child reaches school age.
The most common learning disorders include:
- Dyslexia. Dyslexia is a learning disorder characterized by difficulty reading, spelling and recalling known words.
- Dyscalculia. Dyscalculia is a learning disorder related to math concepts. Signs include difficulty solving even simple math problems or sequencing information or events.
- Nonverbal learning disability. This learning disorder is characterized by difficulty with nonverbal cues, such as coordination and body language.